Whole-system approach to tackling violent crime 'a success'
Violence Reduction Units (VRUs) and ‘hotspot policing’ initiatives prevented 49,000 violent offences across England and Wales, according to government figures.
Set up in 2019, VRUs are a pioneering initiative established in 18 areas across England and Wales, bringing together local partners in policing, education, health, and local government, to share information to identify vulnerable children and adults at risk, helping steer them away from a life of crime and violence.
Initiatives include ‘Weapons Down Gloves Up’ in Merseyside that improve the life chances of young people out of education or work, engaging them through the discipline of boxing. They partner with a civil engineering company to help these young people gain qualifications in civil engineering. In just six months, 38 young people have received Construction Skills Certification Scheme qualifications and 23 have started full-time employment.
While in Greater Manchester, a dedicated team of ‘Navigators’ work across A&E departments and with Northwest Ambulance Service and local communities, to help young people recover after their experience of violence and prevent it happening again.
Figures published in an evaluation of these VRUs’ first 18 months of operation demonstrate the impact they are having up and down the country, changing lives and reducing violent crime.
Areas that have rolled out VRUs and intensive police patrols in violence hotspots saw 8,000 fewer incidents of violence leading to injury and 41,000 fewer incidents without injury, compared with areas that didn’t. This has resulted in an estimated £385 million avoided in associated costs for victims and society.
Home Secretary Priti Patel said: “While we will never let up our relentless pursuit to see the worst criminals thrown behind bars, it is quite clear there are many factors that can lead a vulnerable person into a life of seemingly inescapable violence.
“If we are to succeed in our mission to level up the country, we must do more to reach those at risk of violence early on to break the cycle of crime. Our Beating Crime Plan is delivering 20,000 more police officers to our streets and galvanising all parts of the public sector to collaborate to tackle serious violence. This very approach lies at the heart of our VRUs and as set out today, we’re seeing some extremely encouraging signs of progress.”
The number of hospital admissions caused by sharp objects among under-25s was 19 per cent lower last year than in 2019. Spearheading a twin-track approach that combines tough policing with early intervention and prevention, the Government will inject £130 million in 2022/23 to further drive down the most devastating types of crime – including knife crime, gun crime and homicide.
The multi-million pound funding package includes:
- An additional £64 million for VRUs, supporting the existing 18 and enabling two new units to be established in Cleveland and Humberside;
- An additional £30 million into the ‘Grip’ police enforcement programme; and
- Supporting the implementation of the new Serious Violence Duty and Serious Violence Reduction Orders, being brought into law via the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill.
The Government confirmed that the now 20 VRUs across England and Wales will have a guarantee of funding for the next three years. This will ensure they are given the time and resource to see their central mission of reducing the most serious types of violence come to fruition.
The Grip programme, or ‘hotspot policing’, involves police forces operating regular, intensive, high-visibility police foot patrols for short periods of time within specific areas where data analysis shows there is a risk of serious violence. When first piloted in Southend-on-Sea in 2020, the tactic resulted in a 73 per cent drop in violent crime and 31 per cent fall in street crime in the 20 highest crime hot spots on days when patrols visited, compared with days they did not.
The Government is also introducing a new Serious Violence Duty, which will require police, local government, justice and health bodies, by law, to collaborate locally, so that they can develop more holistic strategies to protect people from harm.
The Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill will bring in new powers for the police to proactively search those who we know have previously carried a knife. Serious Violence Reduction Orders will steer more offenders away from a life of crime, while ensuring that if they persist, they are more likely to be caught and more lives will potentially be saved – which is what ‘stop and search’ is all about.
The Association of Police and Crime Commissioners’ serious violence joint leads, Simon Foster and Steve Turner said: “Police and crime commissioners have long been advocating for a multi-year funding package for VRUs, which are bringing partners together to reduce serious violence. We support a public health approach and this settlement will allow for sustained investment in preventative programmes and early intervention initiatives to help keep our communities safe.”